The Truly Advantaged: Re-conceptualizing the Implicit Neighborhood of Neighborhood Effects
Friday, November 4
2432 WWPH (Sociology Colloquium Room)
Junia Howell is currently a PhD student at Rice University. Lecture Abstract: Urban sociologists have long studied U.S. neighborhood inequality, but the focus on neighborhoods was amplified after William J. Wilson’s The Truly Disadvantaged argued that neighborhoods affect life chances. The ensuing proliferation of ‘neighborhood effects’ studies has focused primarily on marginalized communities rather than the full spectrum of U.S. neighborhoods. The present study utilizes the geo-coded Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine the influence of childhood neighborhoods on educational attainment. The findings suggest the structural influences of neighborhoods above and beyond familial or individual characteristics is strongest not in marginalized neighborhoods but in advantaged neighborhoods. The paper concludes with a discussion of findings and argues in both academic research and policy creation addressing the issues associated with the Truly Disadvantaged requires examining the compounding privilege of the Truly Advantaged.